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DGFT COO Certificate of Origin Application


dgft coo

DGFT COO: Navigating the Certificate of Origin in International Trade


In the dynamic landscape of international trade, the Certificate of Origin (COO) holds immense significance as a crucial document. Under the aegis of the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), the Certificate of Origin plays a pivotal role in facilitating global commerce. This article provides a comprehensive guide to DGFT COO, outlining its purpose, the process of obtaining it, and its impact on international trade.

Understanding DGFT COO:

The Certificate of Origin issued by the DGFT is a document that certifies the country of origin of goods. It serves as a testament to the fact that the products being exported have been manufactured, produced, or processed in a specific country. The DGFT, operating under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in India, is the designated authority responsible for issuing and regulating the Certificate of Origin.

Purpose of DGFT COO:

Trade Facilitation:
The COO facilitates international trade by providing assurance to importing countries regarding the origin of goods.

Preferential Trade Agreements:
In cases of preferential trade agreements, the COO helps businesses avail themselves of preferential tariff rates or other trade concessions.

Customs Clearance:
Many countries require a COO for customs clearance, ensuring that the goods meet the necessary origin criteria.

Quality and Standard Compliance:
The COO may include information about the quality and standards adhered to during the production of goods, providing additional assurance to the importing country.

Process of Obtaining DGFT COO:

Eligibility Check:
Determine if the products meet the eligibility criteria for obtaining a Certificate of Origin from the DGFT.

Application Submission:
Submit a duly filled application form along with supporting documents to the designated DGFT office. The documents may include invoices, packing lists, and manufacturing process details.

The DGFT may conduct a verification process to ensure that the goods meet the prescribed origin criteria.

Approval and Issuance:
Upon successful verification, the DGFT approves the application and issues the Certificate of Origin.

Record Keeping:
Maintain records of the issued certificates for future reference and compliance.

Types of DGFT COO:

Non-Preferential COO:
Issued for general trade purposes, without any preference or tariff benefits.

Preferential COO:
Issued for goods eligible for preferential treatment under specific trade agreements or schemes.

Specific Use COO:
Issued for specific purposes, such as claiming duty drawback or participating in tenders.

Impact on International Trade:

Access to Preferential Tariffs:
Businesses can leverage the COO to access preferential tariff rates and trade concessions in countries with which India has trade agreements.

Reduced Customs Delays:
The COO expedites the customs clearance process by providing clear information about the origin of goods.

Enhanced Credibility:
The COO enhances the credibility of Indian exports by providing transparent and verifiable information about the origin of products.

Compliance with Regulatory Requirements:
Many countries mandate the submission of a COO for specific goods, and compliance is essential for smooth trade operations.


The Directorate General of Foreign Trade’s Certificate of Origin is an indispensable tool in the realm of international trade. It not only facilitates smoother customs clearance but also opens avenues for businesses to benefit from preferential trade agreements. As global commerce continues to evolve, the DGFT COO remains a key document, symbolizing transparency, compliance, and the seamless flow of goods across borders. Businesses engaged in international trade must recognize the importance of obtaining and maintaining accurate Certificate of Origin documentation to navigate the complexities of the global market successfully.,

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This article is only published for informational purposes. Please consult your Chartered Accountant or Financial Advisor before making any important financial decisions.


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