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How to Register an NGO in India A Detailed Guide


how to register an ngo in india

A Comprehensive Guide on How to Register an NGO in India


Registering a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in India is a structured process that involves legal compliance and adherence to regulations. This guide provides a step-by-step overview to assist individuals and groups in navigating the complexities of registering an NGO, ensuring that their efforts contribute effectively to social causes.

1. Preliminary Planning:

Define Mission and Objectives:
Clearly articulate the mission and objectives of the NGO. Specify the social issue or cause the organization aims to address.
2. Choose the Type of NGO:

Trust, Society, or Section 8 Company:
Decide on the legal structure of the NGO. In India, the most common structures are Trusts, Societies, or Section 8 Companies. Each has its own set of rules and regulations.
3. Name Selection:

Unique and Descriptive:
Choose a unique and descriptive name for the NGO. Ensure that the name aligns with the organization’s goals and is not similar to existing entities.
4. Draft a Constitution or Memorandum of Association:

Define Rules and Regulations:
Prepare a constitution or memorandum of association outlining the rules and regulations governing the NGO. This document should cover objectives, membership criteria, and organizational structure.
5. Prepare the Necessary Documents:

Address and Identity Proof:

Gather address and identity proofs for all founding members, such as Aadhar cards, passports, or voter ID cards.
Proof of Registered Office:

Provide proof of the registered office address, such as a utility bill or rental agreement.
6. Board of Trustees or Governing Body:

Appoint a board of trustees or governing body responsible for overseeing operations and decision-making.
7. Registration Process:

For Trusts and Societies:

Register with the local Charity Commissioner’s office or Registrar of Societies. Submit the required documents along with the application form.
For Section 8 Companies:

Apply for name approval with the Registrar of Companies (RoC). Once approved, file necessary documents, including the memorandum and articles of association.
8. Obtain PAN and TAN:

Apply for PAN:

Obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) for the NGO, essential for financial transactions and tax compliance.
Apply for TAN:

If engaging in economic activities, apply for a Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN).
9. Open a Bank Account:

NGO’s Name and Objectives:
Open a bank account in the name of the NGO, providing the bank with a copy of the registration certificate, PAN, and other relevant documents.
10. Apply for 12A and 80G Certifications:

12A Registration:

Apply for 12A registration with the Income Tax Department to obtain tax exemptions for the NGO’s income.
80G Certification:

Apply for 80G certification, enabling donors to claim tax deductions on contributions.
11. Compliance and Reporting:

Annual Filing:
Comply with annual filing requirements, including submission of audited financial statements, to maintain legal standing.

Registering an NGO in India involves careful planning, legal documentation, and a commitment to social causes. Following these steps ensures that the NGO is legally compliant, transparent, and positioned to make a positive impact on the community it serves.,

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How to Register an NGO in India A Detailed Guide

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How to Register an NGO in India A Detailed Guide